International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Social Sciences
Abbreviation: IJIASOS | ISSN (Print): 2602-4802 | ISSN (Online): 2602-4500 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiasos

Review article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Social Sciences 2020, Vol. 4(4) 105-116

Covid-19 Process in the Context of Securitization

Gülşah Özdemir

pp. 105 - 116   |  DOI:

Published online: December 27, 2020  |   Number of Views: 12  |  Number of Download: 100


As an epidemic that emerged in China in the last month of 2019 and caused political, social and economic changes at the international level in a very short time, the Covid19 pandemic started a period of isolation in social life and created a new process in which countries closed their borders politically. The epidemic, seen as a security threat by political authorities around the world, is considered as a new turning point in the transformation of security after the Cold War and September 11.

 In the article, the interventionist attitude on the implementation of curfews, restriction of entry and exit to the country, and tightening of controls during the continuation of the struggle under the conditions that emerged with the increase of the epidemic is analyzed on the basis of securitization. Threat perceptions in the pandemic period in which the role of the armed forces and the security understanding of the state are redefined, are evaluated as a result of extraordinary conditions and uncertainty. In today's world where restrictions are imposed by the state in every aspect of daily life, the gradual tightening of the security circle naturally brings along an isolationist process for individuals and states in social and political terms.

Keywords: Security, Threat transformation, Coronavirus, Social state

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Ozdemir, G. (2020). Covid-19 Process in the Context of Securitization . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Social Sciences, 4(4), 105-116. doi: 10.29329/ijiasos.2020.319.2

Ozdemir, G. (2020). Covid-19 Process in the Context of Securitization . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Social Sciences, 4(4), pp. 105-116.

Chicago 16th edition
Ozdemir, Gulsah (2020). "Covid-19 Process in the Context of Securitization ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Social Sciences 4 (4):105-116. doi:10.29329/ijiasos.2020.319.2.

  1. Arends, J. Frederik M.(2012).“Homeros'dan Hobbes ve Ötesine: Avrupa Geleneğinde Güvenlik Kavramı”, Uluslararası İlişkilerde Çatışmadan Güvenliğe Seçme Makaleler, İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları, İstanbul, 199-220.  [Google Scholar]
  2. Bayraktar, Gökhan (2015). Siber Savaş ve Ulusal Güvenlik Stratejisi, Yeniyüzyıl Yayınevi, İstanbul. [Google Scholar]
  3. Billing, Lynzy. (2020).  Duterte’s Response to the Coronavirus: ‘Shoot Them Dead’ [Google Scholar]
  4. (E.T.19.10.2020) [Google Scholar]
  5. Burns, Allen, J., N., Garrett, L., Haass, vd. (2020). How the World WillLookAftertheCoronavirusPandemic. ForeignPolicy.  [Google Scholar]
  6. https:// (E.T: 16.10.2020) [Google Scholar]
  7. Buzan, Barry, Ole Waever, Jack De Wilde (1998). Security: A New Framework for Analysis, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Pub. [Google Scholar]
  8. Buzan, Barry, Lene Hansen (2009). Evolution of International Security Studies, New York: Cambridge University Press. [Google Scholar]
  9. Dedeoğlu, Beril (2004). “Yeniden Güvenlik Topluluğu: Benzerliklerin Karşılıklı Bağımlılığından Farklılıkların Birlikteliğine”, Uluslararası İlişkiler, 1(4), 1-21. [Google Scholar]
  10. Drezner, Daniel. W. (2020). The Most Counterintuitive Prediction about World Politics and the Coronavirus: What If Nothing Changes? The Washington Post. https://www.washing¬¬vid-19 (E.T. 14.10.2020) [Google Scholar]
  11. Evans, Zachary (2020). Serbian President Labels European Solidarity ‘Fairy Tale’, Says Only China Can Assist in Coronavirus Response. (E.T. 17.11.2020) [Google Scholar]
  12. Frank, A. (2020). Fighting Covid-19 shouldn’t mean abandoning human rights,  [Google Scholar]
  13. (E.T. 15.11.2020) [Google Scholar]
  14. Friedman, Zack (2020). How COVID-19 Will Change The Future Of Work, (E.T. 20.10.2020) [Google Scholar]
  15. Heywood, Andrew (2011). Global Politics, Macmillan Foundations Series, New York: Red Globe Press. [Google Scholar]
  16. Ikenberry, G. John. (2018). The End of Liberal Order? International Affairs, 94(1), s. 7-23. [Google Scholar]
  17. Jerkins, Bonnie (2017). The Biological Weapons Convention at a Crossroad., (E.T. 11.10.2020) [Google Scholar]
  18. Kalkman, Jori Pascal (2020). Military crisis responses to COVID-19, Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Faculty of Military Sciences, Netherlands Defence Academy (NLDA), Breda, The Netherlands. 1-5. [Google Scholar]
  19. Kissinger, Henry A. (2020), “The Coronavirus Pandemic Will Forever Alter the World Order”, Wall Street Journal, https://www.wsj. com/articles/the-coronavirus-pandemic-will-forever-alter-the-world-order-11585953005, (E.T. 10.11.2020) [Google Scholar]
  20. Krause, Keith Michael C. Williams (1996). “Broadening the Agenda of Security Studies: Politics and Methods”, Mershon International Studies Review, 40(2), 229-254. [Google Scholar]
  21. Narayanan, N., Lacy, C. R., Cruz, J. E., Nahass, M., Karp, J., Barone, J. A., &Hermes‐De Santis, E. R. (2018). Disaster preparedness: biological threats and treatment options. Pharmacotherapy: The journal of human pharma cology and drug therapy, 38(2), 217-234. [Google Scholar]
  22. Saiidi, U. (2020). “Hong Kong is Putting Electronic Wristbands on Arriving Passengers to Enforce Coronavirus Quarantine”,, (E.T. 15. 04.2020). [Google Scholar]
  23. Waever, Ole (1995). “Securitization and Desecuritization”, Ronnie D. Lipschutz (ed.), On Security, New York: Columbia University Press. [Google Scholar]
  24. Walt, Stephen M.  (1991). “Renaissance of Security Studies”, International Studies Quarterly, 35(2), 211-239. [Google Scholar]
  25. Yılmaz, Sait (2017). Uluslararası Güvenlik, Teori, Pratik, Gelecek, Ankara: Ertem Basım yayın. [Google Scholar]
  26. Yuan, S. (2020), “How China is Using AI And Big Data to Fight the Coronavirus”, Aljazeera, china-ai-big-data-combat-coronavirus-outbreak-200301063901951. html, (E.T. 07.11.2020). [Google Scholar]